Posts Tagged ‘Cases’

Image from page 24 of “Typical cases of the deterioration of Muntz metal (60:40 brass) by selective corrosion” (1917)

June 1st, 2016

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Image from page 24 of “Typical cases of the deterioration of Muntz metal (60:40 brass) by selective corrosion” (1917)
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Identifier: typicalcasesofde01rawd
Title: Typical cases of the deterioration of Muntz metal (60:40 brass) by selective corrosion
Year: 1917 (1910s)
Authors: Rawdon, Henry S., 1880-
Subjects: Brass Corrosion and anti-corrosives
Publisher: Washington : Govt. Print. Off.
Contributing Library: The Library of Congress
Digitizing Sponsor: The Library of Congress

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Text Appearing Before Image:
d EiG. 12.—Illustration of various conditions affecting dezi,. ~ification (0-6) Samples of Muntz metal which were in contact with copper while immerse, n sodium chloridesolution. In a the wire was inserted in the central hole; in b it was wrapped a_ound the sample.The attack is immediately adjacent to the copper wire. (X 2). (c) Muntz metal sample which has been immersed in 5 per cent sodium chloride solution. The dark spots are corroded areas which formed beneath adhering deposits of basic zinc chloride. (X2.)unetched. (d) Cross section of one of the spots shown in c. (X500.) Etching, ammonium hydroxide and hydrogen peroxide. The dark band is the basic zinc chloride deposit which accelerated the attack of the metalbeneath. A copper layer, shown in the upper two corners, was deposited in the sample to protectthe edge of the specimen during the polishing. Deterioration of Muntz Metal 21

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Why do we need to add one to the number of cases when calculating the percentile?

December 22nd, 2013

Question by I need answers: Why do we need to add one to the number of cases when calculating the percentile?
To calculate the value for pth percentile for the following marks:
73, 58, 67, 93, 33, 18, 147

We first need to sort them, right?
So it becomes:
18, 33, 58, 67, 73, 93, 147

Since there are n=7 cases and suppose that I want to calculate the value for the 30th percentile.

By using this formula: p*(n+1)

0.30 * (7+1) = 2.4

So the value for the 30th percentile is 33, am I right?

But how come we need to add one to n?
What is the purpose of doing that?
Thanks a lot.

Best answer:

Answer by morningfoxnorth
Actually, the 30%-tile is about 35.14.

The first number (18) is at the 7.1%-tile, the second number (33) is at the 21.4%, and the third number (58) is at the 35.7%-tile. The last number is at the 92.9%-tile.

I use the formula p = (x – 0.5) / n, which is the same as
index x = p*n +0.5

What do you think? Answer below!

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Do these cases of government debt and budget deficit indicate potential problems for the economy?

June 5th, 2011

Question by Amy B: Do these cases of government debt and budget deficit indicate potential problems for the economy?
Does the size of the government’s debt and the size of the budget deficit indicate potential problems for the economy in any of these cases?

1. The government’s debt is relatively low, but the government is running a large budget deficit as it builds a high-speed rail system to connect the major cities of the nation.
2. The government’s debt is relatively high due to a recently ended deficit-financed war, but the government is now running only a small budget deficit.
3. The government’s debt is relatively low, but the government is running a budget deficit to finance the interest payments on the debt.

Best answer:

Answer by Dennis
Well, the first two indicate government spending which circulates money in the economy leading to a higher GDP. The third one indicates a deficit not due to government spending. The third one would have more of an impact on the economy so I would say the third one would indicate what you had asked.

Know better? Leave your own answer in the comments!

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Gastrointestinal Metabolic Surgery Used to Treat Diabetes In Obesity Cases

May 18th, 2011

Gastrointestinal Metabolic Surgery Used to Treat Diabetes In Obesity Cases

Dr. Marco Sariñana, Endoscopic and Bariatric Surgeon in Mexicali Mexico, performs a variety of obesity weight loss surgery to aid long-term weight loss treatments.  He is an accomplished gastric bypass surgeon with significant experience in gastric band surgery, gastric bypass surgery , mini gastric bypass surgery, and gastric sleeve surgery. Dr Sariñana also specializes in metabolic disease processes such as diabetes.

Dr. Sariñana is also experienced and trained in gastrointestinal and is familiar with the  metabolic surgery studies and treatments offered by Cornell Medical Center in New York in the treatment of Type 2 diabetes. A variety of metabolic conditions may be linked to high cholesterol, certain types of liver disease, and hypertension. Recent studies and research into the field of gastrointestinal metabolic surgery has determined that the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and small intestine mechanisms regulate body weight, appetite, the metabolism of fat in the body, as well as blood sugar levels.

Surgery to Treat Diabetes
Today, surgical procedures used to treat morbid obesity, such as gastric bypass, often have a positive effect on metabolic disorders such as diabetes. In some cases, patients who have undergone gastric or bariatric surgeries find that blood glucose levels have normalized, and some are even able to discontinue the use of insulin. Therefore, metabolic surgery is now a viable alternative option for the treatment of diabetes in individuals considered morbidly obese.

Bariatric surgical procedures such as those performed by Dr. Sariñana at the Mexicali Obesity Surgery center offer individualized plans in the treatment of obesity and related conditions such as diabetes, in addition to increasing and enhancing life expectancy and quality of life for morbidly obese patients.

Laparoscopic gastric bypass , adjustable gastric banding, and other minimally invasive bariatric surgery techniques provide obese as well as patients diagnosed with metabolic disorders the opportunity to reduce medical complications of such conditions, resume normal daily activities, and restore quality of life.

The Washington Post reported in an article on May 4, 2008 that an individual who required three insulin injections as well as oral pills daily in addition to a severely restricted diet underwent gastric bypass bariatric surgery in the hopes of bringing his diabetes under control. Following the surgery, his blood sugar levels had returned to normal and he was able to stop taking all medications.

Of course, individual cases experience different outcomes, but the technology to treat some forms of diabetes as well as obesity are available, and Mexicali Obesity Surgery, through the expertise of Dr. Sariñana, is also able to offer such hope to international patients seeking his services.

In the United States alone, nearly one hundred million adults are considered overweight or obese, which increases the risk of metabolic diseases and conditions including diabetes, respiratory problems, hypertension, stroke, and cancer. For many, diet and exercise does not produce hope for results. The National Institutes Of Health report that nearly 90% of individuals who engage in weight loss programs and dieting don’t lose significant amounts of weight or are able to sustain such weight loss.

“At our center, we specialize in gastric band,  gastric sleeve , gastric bypass and Intragastric balloon procedures,” says Dr. Sariñana. “Mexicali Obesity Solutions offers new and minimally invasive surgical techniques as well as post-op dietary planning for weight loss surgery patients.”

An article published in Diabetes Care, Volume 31, Supplement 2, dated February 2008 and written by Dr. Francisco Rubino, MD, section of Gastrointestinal Metabolic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University – New York Presbyterian Hospital, states, “It is reasonable to assume that significant anatomical rearrangements of the gastrointestinal tract may cause changes in energy and glucose homeostasis, which eventually influences diabetes.”

Dr. Sariñana and Mexicali Obesity Surgery continue to offer a variety of gastrointestinal bariatric surgical procedures to treat the overweight and obese, with remarkable and positive results. Located in Mexicali, Mexico, Dr. Sariñana and his staff offer international travelers affordable, quality, and effective obesity and weight loss solutions, procedures and techniques that provide hope and improved quality of life to hundreds who have passed through their doors.

PlacidWay ( is a leader in the medical tourism industry, dedicated to offering accurate, up-to-date information and resources regarding medical travel, international medical providers, treatments, procedures and destinations for American and international travelers. For press inquiries about PlacidWay, or to arrange an interview with Pramod Goel, call +1.720.897.6201 or e-mail

MaryJo is an RN who has worked in health tourism for over 35 years. She has done international medical management consulting for a major health care organization. Prior to joining PlacidWay ( she worked for the nation’s leading healthcare IT company as an implementation consultant for Electronic Medical Records.

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The Pre-Litigation Or Claims Process For Washington State Wrongful Death Cases

March 7th, 2010

Obviously, losing a loved one in an accident is tragic and there is nothing that can be done to bring the person back. The last thing on your mind during a difficult time like this is the question, “How much should I be compensated for the loss of my loved one’s life?” To many, putting a dollar figure on someone’s life is both impossible and distasteful. Even so, Often times,, the only justice that can be achieved under the law for such a tragic loss is an award of compensation. In some cases, justice can come in the form of criminal charges filed by the state, but I see manywrongful death cases where the defendant’s conduct is fairly egregious and no criminal charges are ever filed for a variety of reasons. While the award that comes from a wrongful death suit will never bring the loved one back to life, in my work with families pursuing wrongful death claims, I often see that achieving a measure of justice helps families move forward in their grieving process.

Following a wrongful death in Washington, you may have been appointed as the personal representative to handle the estate. Your job may be to look out for the interests of the surviving children and/or the spouse. As the personal representative, you have a legal obligation to represent the best interests of the deceased person’s estate for the benefit of each beneficiary (e.g., child and spouse). This includes the obligation to pursue and/or file a wrongful death case if the facts support such a claim.

If a wrongful death claim does exist, then you are often dealing with the insurance claims process. More often than not, this is a minefield that is likely unfamiliar territory. In order to be successful at fulfilling your legal obligation as a PR, you must take this process very seriously on behalf of the deceased’s estate if you want to secure the family’s financial future.

Once a wrongful death occurs, the insurance claims process usually begins immediately. This means the personal representative and/or surviving family members must take immediate action. This action may include preserving all of the evidence from the accident, hiring experts to inspect any vehicles and/or the accident scene, and obtaining witness statements. Many times, important evidence will be lost if action is not taken immediately. For instance, vehicles may need to be preserved to ensure that important evidence can be examined by experts at a later time. If there is a dispute as to the facts of an accident you will need to make sure that the at-fault party does not destroy any critical evidence or information. The insurance company is looking out for its interest, which makes it very important for you to look out for the interests of the estate and surviving family members. Make no mistake – what the insurance company wants and what is best for the estate and family members are not the same thing.

Although the police may conduct an investigation into a fatal accident, like a motor vehicle accident that causes death, their investigation materials may not be available for a long period of time. The police investigation may not be thorough, or it may not address or include certain issues or questions that may be important or relevant in a subsequent wrongful death case brought by the deceased’s family. Sometimes, the police may not document critical evidence because it is not what they are looking for, or because they are focusing on a criminal prosecution and not a civil wrongful death action. The evidence that is important in a civil wrongful death case may not be the same evidence that is important or relevant in a criminal prosecution.

Every available piece of information should be gathered and kept so that it can be reviewed at a later time, either by an expert or an attorney. Experts know what evidence to collect, how to preserve it, and how to evaluate the importance or relevance of that evidence. Procrastination or lack of follow-through is usually the enemy in a wrongful death case because evidence can be lost or destroyed and this may impact the likelihood of a successful result.

Seattle wrongful death attorney Chris Davis is the author of ‘Wrongful Death in Washington State’ a guide book for families that are trying to navigate the confusing legal process following the accidental death in Washington State of a loved one. He is the founder and principal lawyer at Davis Law Group, a Seattle personal injury law firm know for its innovative approach. You can learn more by visiting:

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Joint and Several Liability in Child Accident Cases in Washington State

February 11th, 2010

In Washington, there is an exception to the rule of comparative fault. That exception occurs when the injured child is considered fault-free. In that situation, if there are multiple negligent parties who have caused injury to the child then each of them will be jointly and severally liable for all damages. This means that each negligent party is also individually responsible for 100% of the damages and not just limited to his or her respective share of fault.

Take the example of Party A and Party B above. If joint and several liability exists, then Party A is liable for the full amount of damages calculated at $100,000 and not just Party A’s proportionate share of $25,000. This is the same for Party B, who is also responsible for the full award of $100,000 and not just Party B’s share of $75,000. Some people question whether the law of joint and several liability is fair or just. Sometimes a negligent party who shares a very small percentage of fault could be legally required to pay a much higher percentage of the child’s damages. For example, if Party A was only found to be 1% at fault and Party B 99% at fault, Party A could still be made to pay much more than its share of $1,000 of the child’s damages. Let’s say Party B is uninsured and has no money to pay a verdict. Then Party A could be liable for the full $100,000. Is this fair? Well, the rationale behind joint and several liability is that it is more just to fully compensate an innocent victim than to allow a negligent party to limit his or her share of damages to that actor’s proportionate share of fault. Other commentators have noted that joint and several liability benefits society by effectively placing the economic burden on those who can afford it most (e.g., corporations, governmental entities, insurance companies, etc.) while at the same time protecting the innocent victim.

Note: See also: Guido Calabresi & Jon T. Hirschoff, Toward a Test for Strict Liability in Torts, 81 YALE L.J. 1055 (1972).

Special Note: The information in this article is just that – INFORMATION. This article does not constitute legal advice and no attorney-client relationship has been formed by receiving and reading this article. Washington State’s attorney ethics rules).

Washington | Posted by admin
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